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Resources Keyword 'legal costs'

Main objectives: Providing more effective and accessible access to justice in cases relating to the environment specifically.   Implementation: The tribunal was set up through Act X of 2010, which…
The study examined legal questions on access to justice – of environmental-NGOs, individuals and municipalities – and the extent and the intensity of the judicial review which are of special…
A major cost reform in environmental litigation has been the recent introduction of CPR 45.41 which introduces a system of protective costs into judicial reviews of decisions, acts and omissions…
Judgment by the United Kingdom Supreme Court in regards to R (on the application of Edwards and another (Appellant)) v Environment Agency and others (Respondents) (No 2) [2013] UKSC 78 was given on…
Access to justice and costs in environmental cases - This request for a preliminary ruling concerns the interpretation of the fifth paragraph of Article 10a of Council Directive 85/337/EEC of 27 June…
Costs - The Outer Court of Session (Scotland) stated that the criteria for making a Protective Cost Order (PCO) were satisfied in an environmental case and ordered that if the petitioner – an…
Costs – The Court of Appeal held that the “criteria” established in the Corner House case regarding the granting of Protective Costs Orders (PCOs) have general applicability, but must not be dealt…
Costs - The Court of Appeal upheld a High Court costs order for the unsuccessful claimant (Mr Littlewood) to reimburse the defendant up to a maximum of £50,000 on the basis that the figure did not…
Costs – The Court of Appeal held that the need for the claimant to have no “private interest in the outcome of case” (one of the “criteria” established in the Corner House case), is not decisive when…
Costs – The first case in which the Court of Appeal expressed concern about the high legal costs incurred by claimants in environmental litigation. The Court remarked that this may be a potent factor…