Resources Keyword 'direct effect'
EU - Court of Justice - Klohn v An Bord Pleanala, Reference for a preliminary ruling (C-167/17) - summary with link to judgment
Key issue: Does the “not prohibitively expensive” requirement in Art 11 of Directive 2011/92/EU have direct effect and what is the temporal application of that rule? The CJEU went on to confirm that…
EU - Court of Justice - Vereniging Milieudefensie and Stichting Stop Luchtverontreiniging Utrecht (joined cases C-401/12P, C-402/12P, C-403/12P); Stichting Natuur en Milieu and PAN Europe (joined cases C-404/12P, C-405/12P) - Summary with link to judgment
Access to justice - private parties cannot rely on article 9, para. 3, of the Convention in order to challenge the legality of EU acts before the General Court or the Court of Justice.