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Netherlands - Hague District Court- Urgenda Foundation vs. the State of the Netherlands re limiting greenhouse gas emissions - C/09/456689 / HA ZA 13-1396 – a link to the judgment . The Urgenda Foundation (Urgenda) brought this claim against the Netherlands, alleging that it has a legal obligation to take more ambitious measures to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Urgenda argued that the State has a duty of care towards Urgenda itself, the 886 individuals that Urgenda represented and Dutch society. The Court rejected the 886 individuals’ claims, believing that Urgenda had in any case successfully subsumed those claims. The Court concluded that the State has acted negligently and therefore unlawfully towards Urgenda by starting from a reduction target for 2020 of less than 25% compared to the year 1990. The Court found that its role was to offer legal protection, also in cases against the government, while respecting the government’s scope for policymaking. The State’s argument concerning the separation of powers was rejected. The Court ordered the State to limit the joint volume of Dutch annual greenhouse gas emissions, or have them limited, so that this volume will have reduced by at least 25% at the end of 2020 compared to the level of the year 1990. Dutch | English
Publisher: De Rechtspraak
Court/Body: Hague District Court
Decision date: 24 Jun 2015

EU study on improving online information on the implementation of the Birds and Habitats Directives. The Final Report of a study on the active dissemination of information in relation to the Birds Directive, 2009/147/EC, and the Habitats Directive, 92/43/EC focuses on 10 representative Member States (France, Germany, Ireland, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom). It explores the interaction between the Birds and Habitats Directives and provisions on active dissemination of information found in the Access to Information Directive, 2003/4/EC, and on the management of spatial information found in the INSPIRE Directive, 2007/2/EC. The study was undertaken on the Commission's behalf by ARCADIS Belgium, ECNC and Leuven University. A stakeholder workshop was also organized on the topic on 24 October 2014, in Brussels, all presentations are available from http://ec.europa.eu/environment/aarhus/workshop_24_10_2014.htm English, 2014.

European Union - Court of Justice - Joined cases C - 401/12 P, C - 402/12 P and C - 403/12 P (Vereniging Milieudefensie and Stichting Stop Luchtverontreiniging Utrecht.); 2) Joined cases C - 404/12 P and C - 405/12 P (Stichting Natuur en Milieu and Pesticide Action Network Europe) - Summary with a link to the judgements. Key issue: Access to justice - private parties cannot rely on article 9, para. 3, of the Convention in order to challeng e the legality of EU acts before the General Court or the Court of Justice. Key words: Direct effect, Regulation (EC) No 1367/2006, internal review, clean air, pesticides, admissibility. English
Publisher: UNECE / Task Force on Access to Justice
Court/Body: Court of Justice of the European Union
Decision date: 13 Jan 2015

United Kingdom - Supreme Court - Reference for a preliminary ruling to the Court of Justice of the European Union (C-404/13) - Ambient Air Quality case ( ClientEarth v The Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs ) - Summary with a link to the judgements. Key issue: ENGO standing in a case regarding UK compliance with EC Directive on ambient air quality. Key words: Air pollution, UK compliance with EC Directive on ambient air quality. English
Publisher: UNECE / Task Force on Access to Justice
Court/Body: Court of Justice of the European Union (Reference for a preliminary ruling in C-404/13)
Court/Body: UK Supreme Court
Decision date: 29 Apr 2015

Sweden - Supreme Administrative Court and Stockholm Administrative Court of Appeal - The Kynna Wolf Case - Summary with a link to the judgement . Key issue: ENGO standing – The open criteria in national procedural law must be read so as to enable ENGOs to challenge in court decisions on the hunt of wolves, which is a species protected in law. Key words: Public concerned, ENGO standing, protected species, European Union law requirement, effective justice English | Swedish
Publisher: UNECE / Task Force on Access to Justice
Court/Body: Supreme Administrative Court and Stockholm Administrative Court of Appeal
Decision date: 15 Jul 2012

Belgium - Ghent Court of Appeal - CITES crimes case -Summary with a link to the judgement. Key issue: Rights of ENGO’s in Criminal Proceedings. Key words: CITES - Enforcement of Environmental Criminal Law - Rights of ENGO - Civil Party - Moral Damages Dutch | English
Publisher: UNECE / Task Force on Access to Justice
Court/Body: Ghent Court of Appeal
Decision date: 7 May 2015

GLOBAL CONSULTATIONS: WWViews on Climate and Energy:Launch of Largest Ever Global Citizen Consultation on Climate and Energy. On June 6, beginning at dawn in the Pacific Islands and ending at dusk in the West Coast of the United States, citizens around the world will take part in the largest ever public consultation on climate change and energy. On the same day, citizens selected to reflect the demographic diversity in their countries or regions (at least 100 per country or region) will attend daylong meetings, starting at dawn in the Pacific, and continuing until dusk in the Americas. The ambition is to involve 10,000 citizens in 100 countries. All citizens will receive information about pros, cons and views on different climate and energy policies, targets and measures (both in advance and on that day) and all meetings will follow the same agenda and guidelines in order to make the results comparable. Citizens will express their views on an identical set of questions, designed to reflect policy controversies at the COP negotiations and political discussions about climate and energy in general. The results will be published in real-time via a web-tool, allowing for easy exploration and comparisons of results; one country with another, developed countries with developing, etc. The World Wide Views 2015 on Climate and Energy is co-initiated by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat, the French National Commission for Public Debate (FR), the Danish Board of Technology Foundation (DK) and Missions Publiques (FR), with the support of the French Government, COP21 host. The project is coordinated by the Danish Board of Technology in collaboration with Missions Publiques and the French National Commission for Public Debate and implemented by existing and new partners in the World Wide Views Alliance If you are interested in organizing a WWViews citizen consultation in your country or region, please download from the site the open invitation, with an explanation of what it requires to become a National or Regional Partners and how to proceed in case you do indeed meet those requirements. The initiative is supported by the former EU Commissioner Connie Hedegaard and the Danish Minister of Climate, Energy and Building, Rasmus Helveg Petersen, the President of French National Assembly, COP21 organizers, GdF Suez. English
Publisher: WWViews, 2015.

10YFP Trust Fund Call for Proposals : Consumer Information for Sustainable Consumption (Deadline: 19 June 2015, 6 p.m. CET). The Secretariat of the 10 Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production (10YFP) invites governments, agencies, and not-for-profit organisations from developing countries and countries with economies in transition to present proposals to the following call. Relevant 10YFP programme: 10YFP Consumer Information Programme (10YFP CIP) Application: The guidance note on the 10YFP Trust Fund includes detailed explanations with regard to eligibility and procedures. Applicants should read the guidance note prior to any proposal submission. Proposals should only be created and submitted using the online application tool of the 10YFP Trust Fund: http://www.unep.org/10yfp/ActorsStructure/TrustFund/CallConsumerInformation/tabid/1060067/ Default.aspx Beneficiaries: Government institutions/agencies, not-for-profit organisations and other executing agencies as set out in the guidance note on the 10YFP Trust Fund, from developing countries and countries with economies in transition. Deadline: Proposals should be submitted to the 10YFP Secretariat (10YFP@unep.org) before: June 19 2015, 6pm CET. If your application is submitted late and/or is incomplete, the application will be considered ineligible. Theme of the call for proposal: “Consumer Information for Sustainable Consumption” English
Publisher: UNEP, 2015.

GUIDE TO PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE PROCESS OF ELABORATION OF DRAFT LEGAL ACTS RELATED TO ENVIRONMENT. The Guide to Public Participation in the Process of Elaboration of Draft Legal Acts Related to Environment has been elaborated and published by "Environmental Public Advocacy Center" NGO as part of the Project "Capacity Building for NGOs for effective participation in environmental decision-making through elaboration of relevant policy tools and awareness-raising". The Program "Strengthening Environmental Governance by Building the Capacity of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)", funded by the European Union, implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and delivered by the GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP). The Guide has been elaborated based on the results of survey conducted among decision-makers in the sphere of nature protection and representatives of civil society, comparative analysis of the national legislation and formed practice as well as documents adopted by the bodies of the Aarhus Convention. The Guide encompasses necessary legal knowledge and skills in a teachable manner which are aessential for informed and effective participation in the process of elaboration and adoption of legal acts. The publication is envisaged for the members of civil society, business, decision-makers and those who are interested in environmental protection and ensuring rule of law through environmental democracy. The Guide has also methodological importance and can be used for conducting trainings among different groups of the society. Armenian
Publisher: "Environmental Public Advocacy Center" (EPAC) NGO, 2015.

OSCE-supported Aarhus Centres discuss their role in trans-boundary water management in South-East Europe. TIRANA, 26 March 2015 – More than 40 representatives of central and local governments, Aarhus Centres and civil society from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia discussed the challenges of public participation in trans-boundary water management and in trans-boundary Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) processes at a two-day regional roundtable organized by the OSCE, that ended today. English
Publisher: OSCE, 2015.

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